Information Processing and Cognitive Development By: However, rather than focusing on mere input and output, psychologists who adhere to this approach place specific emphasis on the processes of cognitive development. Cognitive perspectives examine development in terms of mental processing. The two major views within this subject are cognitive developmental theory and information processing theory.
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Early Adulthood Cognitive Development Cognition pertains to the acquisition, processing, transformation, storage, and retrieval of any information concerning the world Louw, Van Ede, and Louw, This process affects every aspect of our personality.
Cognitive processes such as perceiving, conceptualizing, reasoning, remembering, and contemplating are all necessary for us to solve everyday problems, to work and do the household chores properly, to arrive at a sound decision and perform other daily activities that make use of our minds Louw, Van Ede, and Louw, According to Piaget, cognitive development is the product of the interaction of the individual with the environmental events Louw, Van Ede, and Louw, The cognitive attributes of every individual is fundamentally shaped by the heredity.
Heredity dictates our physical appearances and other biological and physiological characteristics Louw, Van Ede, and Louw, In this connection, our genetic make up spontaneously manifests in our physical appearance and personality through maturation Louw, Van Ede, and Louw, Even though we have different genes, human maturation is identical to all races.
This means that differences in our physical appearance is dictated by our genes but all humans pass through, as a result of maturation, identical stages of development. Early Adulthood Early adulthood generally included individuals within the age-range of eighteen to forty years Hewston, Fincham, and Foster, After adolescence stage, individuals have attained formal and abstract reasoning and capable of solving problems by considering all possible means Hewston, Fincham, and Foster, In his theory of development, K.
Warner Schaie described the transition between adolescence to adulthood stages as a cognitive change from acquisition of knowledge to knowledge application Santrock, He proposed that cognitive changes occur in two distinct stages.
In achieving stage, the individual applies intelligence in achieving long term goals like career development.
The honing of cognitive skills for behavioral regulation leads to the acquisition of the sense of independence Santrock, On the other hand, during the early to middle adulthood, the responsibility stage commences.
The young adults in this stage start to establish and nurture their own career and recognize their social responsibility Santrock, Also, during this stage, individuals form families, focus effort and attention on the needs of children and spouse Santrock, Gisela Labouvie-Vief believed that young adults undergo thought synthesis and intensive changes on thinking Santrock, The young adults tend to look for their proper place in the society and seldom use logic in problem solving.
Due to strong cognitive attributes, logical skills do not suffer a slump in the adulthood Santrock, Meanwhile, William Perry suggested the differences in the process of thinking between adolescents and young adults Santrock, Information processing and cognitive development Essay Words | 3 Pages Information Processing and Cognitive Development Information processing is a perspective (approach) to the study of cognition and cognitive development in which the mind is likened to a computer.
With respect to cognitive development, the information-processing theory emphasized the changes on the perceived information during the processing (Louw, Van Ede, and Louw, ). For instance, the capacity to perceive stimulus varies with age while the ability to apply the process of encoding also changes with age (Louw, Van Ede, and .
Information Processing and Cognitive Development Information processing is a perspective (approach) to the study of cognition and cognitive development in which the mind is likened to a computer. About us.
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|John Benjamins Publishing||The development of memory in children becomes evident within the first 2 to 3 years of a child's life as they show considerable advances in declarative memory. This enhancement continues into adolescence with major developments in short term memoryworking memorylong term memory and autobiographical memory.|
Infant cognitive development is the study of how psychological processes involved in thinking and knowing develop in young children. Information is acquired in a number of ways including through sight, sound, touch, taste, smell and language, all of which require processing by our cognitive system.
Miscellaneous Sites. ACT Research Home Page- The ACT group is led by John Anderson at Carnegie Mellon University and is concerned with the ACT theory and architecture of benjaminpohle.com goal of this research is to understand how people acquire and organize knowledge and produce intelligent behavior.