Jesus thanks his Father Return of the unclean spirit Discourse against the scribes and Pharisees Lament over Jerusalem Unlike triple-tradition material, double-tradition material is very differently arranged in the two gospels. Matthew's lengthy Sermon on the Mountfor example, is paralleled by Luke's shorter Sermon on the Plainwith the remainder of its content scattered throughout Luke.
The question that arise is why these similarities? Plausible explanation for similarities in order of events could be that writers presented them in the order of their occurrences. However for similarities of wording most of the literary studies only discuss this issue without taking into consideration the influence of Holy Spirit and point out to the literary dependence of these gospels on each other, which definitely the most logical conclusion one can expect with a sceptic mind.
One such research however bases this on oral traditions and concludes that the synoptic gospels are probably related to one another in a mostly literary, partly oral, fashion. It further goes on to say that it is highly likely that they were written from mostly oral traditions.
However if the gospel authors had composed entirely from oral materials, each successive writer still depended on the groundwork of his predecessor s. Another study which is staunchly advocating the inspirational base for these similarities has found that only sixteen percent of the words in those sections are identical in all three Gospels.
The study then focused on the agreements of two Gospels against a third Gospel in all combinations: It showed from several perspectives the impossibility of any theory of literary interdependence created by these combinations of agreements and disagreements.
From the standpoint of observational facts, it pointed to randomness as the only possible explanation for the phenomena of the Gospels. Yet randomness is not an accurate term to apply. As already said, the discussions of the origins of the Synoptic Gospels say far too little about the role of the Holy Spirit in the composing of those Gospels.
He was the major author in the divine-human process of producing the Synoptic Gospels. The study further says: The Holy Spirit had a controlling role in what the human authors wrote. He had reasons for the occasions when they agree and for the occasions when they disagree.
In that sense, the combination of agreements and disagreements is not random, but God-ordained.
In this life, we as humans will never comprehend the mind of God cf. To think that we can do so by treating Scripture as just another human production smacks of egotism on our parts. Readers must content themselves with simply accepting what He used the writers to compose while they worked without consulting the written works of each other.The first three gospels (Matthew, Mark and Luke) are sometimes known as the "synoptic" gospels because by laying them in parallel and reading them synoptically ('with the same eye') in the original Greek language, it can readily be seen that there is a literary relationship among them.
Major Differences Between John and the Synoptic Gospels Two basic positions on the relationship of John’s Gospel to the Synoptics are possible: If John knew of the synoptics, then he wrote to supplement them.
This theory assumes that the authors of the Synoptic Gospels made use of oral tradition, written fragments, mutual dependence on other Synoptic writers or on their Gospels, and the testimony of eyewitnesses.
The Synoptic Gospels A careful comparison of the four Gospels reveals that Matthew, Mark and Luke are noticeably similar, while John is quite different.
The first three Gospels agree extensively in language, in the material they include, and in the order in which events and sayings from the .
Synoptic is a Greek word that means "to see together." It is used to refer to the three gospels that present the life, Passion, death, and Resurrection of Jesus in a somewhat similar fashion. The synoptic gospels are Matthew, Mark, and Luke.
Why are Matthew, Mark, and Luke called the synoptic gospels? up vote 42 down vote favorite. 6. asking how it is that three Gospel writers could include so much that is so similar, in even the same order.
While he does not deny inspiration by the Holy Spirit, he shows how the complete agreement would not really fit with three men.