A hippie-painted Volkswagen Beetle A July Time magazine study on hippie philosophy credited the foundation of the hippie movement with historical precedent as far back as the sadhu of India, the spiritual seekers who had renounced the world by taking " Sannyas ". Even the counterculture of the Ancient Greeks, espoused by philosophers like Diogenes of Sinope and the cynics were also early forms of hippie culture.
April 24, by Tanya Sheehan 4 Comments Jimi Hendrix was a pioneer in the psychedelic rock era whose music influenced millions of those involved in the hippy culture of the s.
There is a long history among musicians in using images to promote their music, and album covers have a way of telling a visual story that gives a preview of the music at hand. When looking at the practice of appropriating images we must look at the changes in perception that occur, and in this case at the alteration of religious significance.
Viraat Purushan-Vishnuroopam is a Hindu devotional painting that has been interpretively reproduced since a description of the God Vishnu was written in the Hindu sacred epic Mahabharata Moskowits, The image itself originated in the 2nd century B.
His charioteer lectures him on the meaning of life and death, and eventually reveals himself as Krishna. Krishna then blesses Arjuna with a divine vision that reveals Vishnu in universal form with one thousand avatars, eyes, faces, mouths, and arms. This belief in the Vishvarupa as the embodiment of life and death is a powerful one held by Hindus and symbolizes the universality of life in everything they do.
The image used on Axis was famous in the twentieth century and was widely redistributed in India as portraits and posters. This interpretation of Vishnu could be seen in sacred Hindu places of worship in various forms, such as statues figure 3.
Its wide range can be compared to that of the pictures of Jesus seen in America, where even non-Christians recognize the religious significance of such images and statues.
The image of Vishnu contains Krishna in the middle representing the human kind, the evil deities to the left, and the good deities to the right Cahill, It includes a variety of colors, such as bright pink, blues, greens, browns, and yellows.
The image is symmetrically appealing with a balance among the heads, arms, and feet. This symbolic form is further enhanced with the objects held in its fourteen arms, such as a conch shell representing creation and balance, a chakra that signifies a purified mind, a mace representing the mental and physical strength, and a lotus flower representing the purity and spiritual consciousness within Cahill, Hence the image would have a deeper meaning to those in Hindu communities; they would understand the painting signifies the good and bad, as we perceive it and our existence in life.
This interpretation by a specific audience gives insight into the way Axis: Bold as Love holds a different meaning for its intended audience.
The counter-culture movement of the 60s was highly influenced by Eastern culture for its spiritual aspect that condoned self-discovery and aesthetic values.
Hinduism itself preached ideas of dharma and karma, along with the universality and oneness of life. These ideals themselves embodied the main objective among young adults in this culture to reject materialism and the establishment, such as those involved in the Beat Movement who emphasized Zen Buddhism.
In the appropriation Hendrix is the focal point, with his band mates playing the role of Krishna to his right and left. The images still emphasizes the bright pink, blues, greens, browns, and yellow but uses accented gold to highlight the psychedelic theme the musician aimed for.
This replacement of religious symbols or gods with an image of the artist undermines the religious significance of the original image; it was also a strategy used in various album covers of the s and 70s, including some with Egyptian mythological references.
Figure 5, for instance, highlights the mystical and eerie connotations associated with the Eye of Ra and the Western ideas about such religious practices. The use of Eastern philosophical images was merely to reinforce the counter culture they were targeting.Many hippies rejected modern society and its consumer-driven industrialization in favor of a simpler lifestyle in harmony with the earth.
Much of the spiritual foundation for these beliefs emerged from hippie adoption of Native American philosophy. As a result, hippies embraced and sometimes idealized Native American culture. On January 14, , the outdoor Human Be-In in San Francisco popularized hippie culture across the United States, with 30, hippies gathering in Golden Gate Park.
The Monterey Pop Festival from June 16 to June 18 introduced the rock music of the counterculture to a wide audience and marked the start of the "Summer of Love". Never more than a minority movement, the so-called "hippie" lifestyle became synonymous with American youth of the s.
Displaying frank new attitudes about drugs and sex, communal lifestyles, and innovations in food, fashion, and music, the counterculture youth of America broke profoundly with almost all values their parents .
A July Time Magazine study on hippie philosophy credited the foundation of the hippie movement with historical precedent as far back as the counterculture of the Ancient Greeks, espoused by philosophers like Diogenes of Sinope and the Cynics also as early forms of hippie culture.
Hinduism and the s looks at the youth culture of the s and early s, and the way in which it was influenced by Hinduism and Indian culture.
It examines the origins of the s counter-culture in the Beat movement of the s, and their interest in Eastern religion, notably Zen. Hippies were generally dissatisfied with the consensus culture that had developed after the Second World War and wanted to distance themselves from American society (hence the term counterculture).